"Maximum length is 6,000 words (excluding tables, figures, and Literature Cited), plus a 150-word abstract."
Robert S. Seymour
Guide for AuthorsEditorial Policy
The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry is a refereed professional publication serving practicing foresters and forestry-allied professionals. It invites contributions from all workers who by experience or research have developed successful new practices, knowledge, or techniques. Subjects may be any of the goods, services, and problems of northeastern, mid-western, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.
The first test of any manuscript is its usefulness to the field forester or land manager. Manuscripts will be reviewed by the Editor, Associate Editor(s), and experts in the subject matter being reported. Notification of the acceptability of a manuscript for review will be immediate. The formal review process will not ordinarily exceed 90 days. Final acceptance or rejection of all manuscripts is the prerogative of the Editor. Manuscripts revised and returned to the Northern Journal of Applied Forestry more than 6 months after review will be treated as new manuscripts.
In addition to peer-reviewed articles, the Northern Journal of Applied Forestry publishes edited but nonrefereed Field Notes, which describe useful ideas and findings.
Manuscripts submitted to the Northern Journal of Applied Forestry must not have been previously published and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere.
The Society of American Foresters holds copyright to the Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, and authors will be asked to assign their rights before their contributions are published. A form will be provided for this purpose. Authors whose work is not subject to copyright, e.g., federal government employees, should so state when they submit their manuscripts.
Editorial correspondence should be addressed to Robert S. Seymour, Editor, Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, firstname.lastname@example.org. Direct all correspondence pertaining to manuscript submission and status to Matthew Walls, Managing Editor, Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD 20814-2198; (866) 897-8720, ext. 130; fax (301) 897-3690; email@example.com.
Click here for a map of the geographical coverage areas for submissions to the regional journals.
Manuscripts must be submitted in final form. Inadequately prepared manuscripts may be returned without review. The author is responsible for accuracy of data, names, quotations, citations, and statistical analyses. Strict economy of words, tables, formulas, and figures should be observed, and specialized jargon avoided. Recommended style manuals are: The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th or 15th Ed. (University of Chicago Press) and Scientific Style and Formats: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Cambridge University Press). See the latter for abbreviations and symbols. English or metric units may be used, as long as usage is consistent within each article. Strict economy of words, tables, formulas, and figures should be observed and specialized jargon avoided. See "Style and Form" below for more detailed information on manuscript preparation.
Manuscripts submitted to the Northern Journal of Applied Forestry are not assessed page charges. There is, however, a publication charge for figures and other illustrative material that authors wish to be produced in color. The charge is based on actual printing costs and will be determined prior to publication. Contact the editor for permission to print in color prior to submitting your manuscript for review.
Full-Length Articles-Manuscripts should be limited to eight journal pages, or less than 4,500 words (excluding tables, figures, and Literature Cited). Submissions must be double-spaced throughout (including tables, illustration captions, and literature citations) with ample margins. Line numbering and page numbering must be employed. Author names, affiliations, and acknowledgements should not appear anywhere in the electronic version of the text; this information must be entered separately into the online submission form where requested to preserve author anonymity during the peer review. The title should be concise, specific, descriptive, and no longer than 15 words. The abstract should be concise, 2-3% of the length of the text but not more than 200 words. Up to 5 keywords should be provided; these should be unique from those appearing in the title to allow for more robust indexing of the final published article. Footnotes should be gathered at the end of the article as endnotes; designate endnotes in the text by numbers within brackets (e.g., ). Authors should use an American dictionary as the standard for spelling; many word processing programs allow selection of American or US preferences in their spell checkers, which can automate selection of the appropriate spelling. Submit your manuscript online at http://www.rapidreview.com/SAF/author.html. Because the review process is double-blind (authors and reviewers are unidentified to each other), please ensure that authors are not identified anywhere in the manuscript (including running heads and feet).
Field Notes-Field Notes should follow the same format as full-length articles, but are limited to four journal pages, or 2,000 words or less. Field Notes are generally evaluated only by the Editor and an Associate Editor and are not considered peer reviewed when published. Field Notes are appropriate for disseminating information useful to practicing foresters that is otherwise inappropriate for full-length scientific articles. Descriptions of new field techniques, computer algorithms, and interesting results from non-replicated studies or case studies are some examples. Published Field Notes are identified as such by a page header. Submit your Field Note online at http://www.rapidreview.com/SAF/author.html.
Style and Form
Nomenclature and Terminology-Common names are used for most plants and animals. Scientific names are included in parentheses following the first use of the common name. The Checklist of United States Trees (Native and Naturalized) by E.L. Little Jr. (Agriculture Handbook 541, USDA 1979) and the appendixes of Forest Cover Types of the United States and Canada (SAF 1980) are useful references for plant names. Technical usage in forestry and allied fields follows The Dictionary of Forestry (SAF 1998).
Mathematical Material-See Scientific Style and Formats: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Cambridge University Press) for methods of presenting mathematical material in the simplest form to ensure accuracy and prompt publication of paper.
Literature Cited-Literature citations are to provide the reader with enough information to find a document from the appropriate source. This information should be stated in a clear and concise manner. Theses and unpublished papers may be included sparingly. Only those appearing in the text should appear in the citation list at the end of the article. Personal communications should be cited in the text and should include the affiliation of the person and the date of the communication: (John Helms, pers. comm., University of California-Berkeley, Aug. 10, 2006).
List all references alphabetically at the end of the paper and cite them parenthetically in the text by the author-date system, e.g. (Smith 2006). Directly quoted material must include the page number, e.g., (Smith 2006, p. 17). If a citation includes three or more authors, use ”et al.” where cited in the text, e.g., (Smith et al. 2006), but list authors accordingly with the citation: for citations with ten authors or fewer, all should be listed; for citations with eleven or more, only the first seven should be listed, followed by ”et al.” Where possible, limit the number of citations to three per set of parentheses. Arrange references cited together within parentheses chronologically. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2006a, 2006b, etc.
Examples of Literature Cited style:
Houghton, J.T., G.J. Jenkins, and J.J. Ephraums. 1990. Climate change: The IPCC scientific assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 365 p.
Chapter in book
Brokaw, N.V.L. 1982. Treefalls: Frequency timing and consequences. P. 101-108 in The ecology of a tropical forest: Seasonal rhythms and long term changes, Leigh, E.G., Jr., A.S. Rand, and D.M. Windsor (eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Article in journal
Jurgensen, M.F., J. Johnson, M.A. Wise, C.S. Williams, and R. Wilson. 1997. Impacts of timber harvesting on soil organic matter, nitrogen, productivity, and health of Inland Northwest forests. For. Sci. 43(2):234-251.
Blake, J.I., G.L. Somers, and G.A. Ruark. 1990. Perspectives on process modeling of forest growth responses to environmental stress. P. 9-20 in Proc. of conf. on Process modeling of forest growth responses to environmental stress, Dixon, R.K. (ed.). Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Mason, R.R., and H.G. Paul. 1994. Monitoring larval populations of the Douglas-fir tussock moth and western spruce budworm on permanent plots: Sampling methods and statistical properties of data. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-333. 22 p.
Korol, R.L. 1985. The soil and water regime of uneven-age interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca). M.Sc. thesis, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. 164 p.
USDA Forest Service. 2002. The process predicament: How statutory, regulatory, and administrative factors affect national forest management. Available online at www.fs.fed.us/publications.html; last accessed Apr. 15, 2005.
Tables and Figures
The critical test for a table or figure is that it is the best way to communicate the information that it contains. Captions and titles for tables and figures should have enough detail so the table or figure will stand alone. Tables should not duplicate data presented in figures. Details about preparing tables and figures can be found in Scientific Style and Formats: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Cambridge University Press) and in The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th or 15th ed. (University of Chicago Press). Suggestions for preparing clear tables and figures are presented in "What I Meant to Say Was..." Tips and Resources for Improving Your Professional Communication Skills (The Irland Group, RFD #2, Box 9200, Winthrop, Maine 04364).
All tables and figures must be cited in numerical order in the text. Place each table and figure on a separate page with its title at top. Place table titles and figure captions together at the end of the manuscript. Figures must be submitted as separate high-resolution EPS, TIFF, or JPG files. Do not embed figures within the manuscript file.
Tables should be double-spaced; however, exceedingly large tables may be single-spaced to reduce the number of pages they cover. Tables should be sized to fit on a single 8.5 by 11 page in portrait orientation NOT landscape. Total table width should be no more than 7 in.; total table height should be no more than 9.66 in. including the table title and table footnote(s). Table titles, column heads, and side heads should be in initial cap and lowercase, not all caps. Single-weight horizontal lines should go across the top of the table body, below the column headings, and below the table. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Units should appear under the column heading, but above the line separating the headings from the body of the table, except when two or more consecutive columns have the same units; then the unit is under the line separating the headings and the body, in parentheses, centered over the applicable column, and preceded and followed by ellipses extending over applicable columns. Table footnotes may be designated with numbers or letters or symbols; choose the one that is least confusing with other entries in the table (e.g., exponents, letters indicating significantly different means, and asterisks indicating significance) and be consistent among the tables. The sequence for symbols in table footnotes is asterisk, dagger, double dagger, section mark, parallel lines, number symbol. Use abbreviations consistent with SAF style. Common abbreviations are yr (year and years), dbh (not DBH), bd ft, mbf, ac, ha, ht, vol, m3, ft2, in. (inch and inches), cm, g, lb.
Figures may be maps, diagrams, or summaries of results, such as bar charts and line graphs. The line weight for rules should be at least 1 point (no hairline rules). Captions appear at the bottom of the figure in the journal, but are listed on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Captions should not appear on the figure itself. Use abbreviations consistent with SAF style. Common abbreviations are yr (year and years), dbh (not DBH), bd ft, mbf, ac, ha, ht, vol, m3, ft2, in. (inch and inches), cm, g, lb. Labels for figures should be in initial cap and lowercase, not all caps. Avoid fake 3-D and other effects that add to the complexity of the figure, but not to its ability to communicate. Use fill patterns or shadings with sufficient contrast so that they are distinguishable when reproduced in black and white, but avoid the use of gray backgrounds in graphs and charts. Color figures can be printed if absolutely necessary to convey the information. Consult with the journal editor to determine the need for color. There is, however, a publication charge for figures and other illustrative material that authors wish to be produced in color. The charge is based on actual printing costs and will be determined prior to publication. Contact the editor for permission to print in color prior to submitting your manuscript for review.