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Journal of Forestry Online Quiz
Derived from the May 2013 Journal of Forestry
Cost: $30 members      $45 nonmembers
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The Journal of Forestry Quiz is approved for 5.0 continuing forestry education (CFEs) credit hours in Category 1-CF by the Society of American Foresters. Successful completion of the self-assessment, defined as a cumulative score of at least 70%, is required to earn CFE credit. CFE approval is valid for one year from the issue date of publication, and participants may submit the quiz at any time during that period.

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1. Why does "one size fit all" not work when it comes to helping human communities develop greater adaptive capacity for wildfire according to Newman et al.?

a) Human communities cannot develop greater adaptive capacity at the local level.
b) What a community needs to develop greater adaptive capacity depends on its local context (i.e., structural conditions and the capacities it already has).
c) It can result in homogeneity that may negate any actions taken to increase adaptive capacity.
2. From the study by Newman et al., what is a 'fire-adapted community' from the perspective of structuration theory?
a) A fire-adapted community is able to take action to reduce their current and future wildfire risk.
b) A fire-adapted community is located in an area with the potential to be impacted by a wildfire.
c) A fire-adapted community depends on wildfire in order to establish and regenerate.

3. According to Newman et al., why are land development patterns important to fire-adapted communities from a social perspective?

a) Land development patterns influence the biophysical characteristics of a community, such as flammable vegetation.
b) Land development patterns affect local ecology.
c) Land development patterns influence residents' ability to interact with each other and to organize at the local community level.

4. According to Saunders and Aseneault, a major reason why natural disturbance-based silviculture (NDBC) is not more widely implemented is:

a) Lack of long-term empirical studies
b) Studies have shown NDBS is not effective
c) Higher implementation cost of NDBS compared to other systems

5. The large-gap and small-gap treatments in the study by Saunders and Aseneault were presented as alternatives to single-tree selection for mimicking natural regimes in the Northeast. Which of the following arguments did the authors make to suggest the gap treatments were better than the selection?

a) Higher yields in gap treatments
b) Less mortality and deadwood creation in gap treatments
c) More diverse species composition in gap treatments
6. Natural disturbances in the Acadian Region are typically:
a) Large-scale, stand replacing events
b) Weather events, including hurricanes and ice storms
c) Small-scale events that affect 1.0% of the forest annually

7. Which of the following is not an environmental influence associated with maritime forests in North Carolina as stated in the study by Jones et al.?

a) Salt spray
b) Oversaturated soils
c) High winds
8. Which of the following is a major threat to the maritime forests of North Carolina as per Jones et al.?
a) Sea level rise
b) Feral pigs
c) Insects and disease

9. According to Jones et al., reliance on conservation easements may not fully protect North Carolina maritime forestlands due to:

a) High development pressure and lack of marketable product
b) High market value of forest products
c) Lack of information available about conservation easements in the area
10. Which factor was not included in the analysis by Cameron et al. to be able to compare the resulting greenhouse gas balance from the J.D. Irving, Ltd. (JDI) baseline management scenario to a "no harvest" management scenario?
a) Forest carbon stock losses from natural disturbances
b) Emissions resulting from disposal of wood products
c) Downstream manufacturing emissions from wood harvested off JDI land
11. Leakage, in the context of greenhouse gas emissions from the J.D. Irvinig, Ltd. (JDI) study by Cameron et al., refers to?
a) Emissions increases and carbon storage decreases that would occur outside of JDI operations and landbase in response to decreased harvest and wood product manufacturing levels to meet market demands for wood products.
b) Emissions that occur downstream from the manufacturing of wood products from raw material harvested on JDI land.
c) Upstream emissions resulting from the production of grid electricity forecasted to be used by JDI over the next 100 years.
12. A benefit of using a "moving window" approach as demonstrated by Kline at al. to combining forest threats data is that:
a) It highlights where wildfire, insects, and disease will likely damage forest resources in the near future.
b) It ensures that counties with high threat levels will come to the attention of policymakers and managers.
c) It provides a standardized way to display combined threats at a spatial scale appropriate for planning and policy purposes and in a manner that transcends political county boundaries.
13. The neighborhood analysis process carried out by Kline et al. used a 25-km circular window was used because:
a) It reflected the approximate scale used in the majority of datasets
b) It was the approximate average county size in the study area
c) It was the average size of a typical disturbance in the area
14. During the growing season, most of western North America is expected to be warmer and drier than in the recent past. According to Fettig et al., what is the general response of plants to avoid excessive water loss and consequent wilting?
a) Alter their metabolic rates
b) Close their stomata
c) Reallocate carbon
15. As noted in Fettig et al., insects and pathogens are the primary biotic disturbances in forests of western North America. In which species of bark beetle have climate effects been studied most extensively?
a) Mountain pine beetle
b) Spruce beetle
c) Western pine beetle
16. According to Fettig et al., what major step should be taken to enhance our understanding of strategies to increase forest resilience?
a) Develop more models with higher accuracy
b) Increase coordination and collaboration
c) Increase regulatory oversight.