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ISSN: 0022-1201

Editor:
Don C. Bragg


 

Special Issues

Managing Forests because Carbon Matters: Integrating Energy, Products, and Land Management Policy
Vol. 109, No. 7S (Supplement to October/November 2011)
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Forest Management Solutions for Mitigating Climate Change in the United States (Malmsheimer et al. 2008), by the Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration Task Force of the Society of American Foresters (SAF), evaluated the implications of global climate change for forests and addressed the role of forestry and forests in mitigating climate change. Since that task force issued its report, the science and policies involving forests' roles in climate change policies have evolved rapidly. Moreover, questions have arisen regarding how changes in the amount of forest biomass used for energy and the trading of forest carbon for pollution credits (offsets), motivated in part by climate change concerns, will affect global climate benefits related to forests, forest ecosystems, and traditional forest products industries.

In May 2010, SAF created a new task force to address those issues and analyze United States' forests, climate change, and energy policies. This article summarizes and examines our current understanding of forest carbon stocks and flows; climate-forest interactions; biomass use and feedstock issues; wood-fossil fuel substitution effects; and forest carbon policies. While focused on US rather than international forests and forest policies, this article does examine pertinent international developments.



Teaching and Learning in Natural Resources
Vol. 109, No. 7 (October/November 2011)
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Pedagogical approaches are rapidly changing in higher education and elsewhere, and these changes are reflected in the ways we approach teaching and learning in natural resources. This special section of the Journal of Forestry presents five articles drawn from the proceedings of the 8th Biennial Conference on University Education in Natural Resources, held at Virginia Tech in April of 2010. Four of the five articles that follow deal with some aspect of the assessment of learning, whereas the fifth provides a synthesis of our current use of an emerging pedagogical tool. All focus on active rather than passive learning. Among the four that deal with assessment, two are concerned with summative assessment, where performance is formally evaluated and "grades" or "scores" assigned. The remaining two are concerned with formative assessment, whereby the objective is to provide informal feedback with the intent of enhancing learning. Both forms of assessment are equally valid and are often employed in the same instructional module. Although academic institutions constitute the setting where most of these approaches were developed or tested, they have broad application to any settings where teaching and learning in natural resources occur.




Forest Management Solutions for Mitigating Climate Change in the United States
Vol. 106, No. 3 (April/May 2008)
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Unique among all possible options for mitigating climate change, forests and forestry can both prevent and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and simultaneously provide essential environmental, social, and economic benefits-from clean water and wildlife habitat to outdoor recreation and forest products.

This issue lays out the possibilities:
  • using energy from wood biomass and mill residuals instead of fossil fuels;
  • substituting wood products for fossil fuel-intensive steel, concrete, brick, and aluminum building components;
  • adjusting forest management practices to capture additional atmospheric carbon dioxide;
  • reducing greenhouse gas emissions through wildfire behavior modification;
  • retaining forest cover and its potential to mitigate climate change;
  • capturing and storing atmospheric carbon in forest carbon "pools" and long-lived wood products; and
  • developing markets for carbon trading and creating market-based incentives for forestry projects that offset emissions from industrial and other polluters.
The technology exists now to conserve and manage forests both to prevent emissions and to reduce the carbon already in the atmosphere. Many of the other solutions to climate change are not ready for large-scale deployment, but managed forests provide solutions that can be adopted quickly and begin preventing and reducing greenhouse gas emissions today. Immediacy is critical: The forces of climate change are already at work. The forestry solution can and must be implemented now.




Urban Forestry
Vol. 103, No. 8 (December 2005)
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Urban areas are having an ever increasing impact on local, regional, and global environments. In the United States, these areas continue to extend outward, altering or displacing forests, agricultural fields, and other valued open spaces. This process of urbanization is likely to be one of the greatest influences on forests in the 21st century.

Articles include:
  • The Increasing Influence of Urban Environments on US Forest Management-D.J. Nowak, J.T. Walton, J.F. Dwyer, L.G. Kaya, and S. Myeong g
  • Projected Urban Growth (2000-2050) and Its Estimated Impact on the US Forest Resource-D.J. Nowak and J.T. Walton
  • Trees in the Small City Retail Business District: Comparing Resident and Visitor Perceptions-K.L. Wolf
  • Business District Streetscapes, Trees, and Consumer Response-K.L. Wolf
  • Harvesting Where the People Are: Aesthetic Preferences for Logging-in-Progress-M. Eckley and A. Egan
  • Natural Areas and Urban Populations: Communication and Environmental Education Challenges and Actions in Outdoor Recreation-D.J. Chavez
  • Municipal Forest Benefits and Costs in Five US Cities-G. McPherson, J.R. Simpson, P.J. Peper, S.E. Maco, and Q. Xiao



Reference Ecosystems
Vol. 103, No. 7 (October/November 2005)
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Effective forest research depends greatly on our ability to assess whether management activities produce reliable results. Where there is no benchmark against which to compare treatment, how do we know when our objective has been reached? This special issue includes six papers from the technical session on this topic presented at the 2003 SAF National Convention in Buffalo, New York.

Articles include:
  • Does the Lack of Reference Ecosystems Limit Our Science? A Case Study in Nonnative Invasive Plants as Forest Fuels-A.C. Dibble and C.A. Rees
  • Controls and Reference Conditions in Forestry: The Role of Old-Growth and Retrospective Studies-L.E. Frelich, M.W. Cornett, and M.A. White
  • Defining Reference Information for Restoring Ecologically Rare Tallgrass Oak Savannas in the Midwestern United States-H. Asbjornsen, L.A. Brudvig, C.M. Mabry, C.W. Evans, and H.M. Karnitz
  • Determining Reference Ecosystem Conditions for Disturbed Landscapes within the Context of Contemporary Resource Management Issues-P.C. Goebel, T.C. Wyse, and R.G. Corace III
  • Western Pine Forests with Continuing Frequent Fire Regimes: Possible Reference Sites for Management-S.L. Stephens and P.Z. FulĂ©
  • Reference Stands for Silvicultural Research: A Maine Perspective-L.S. Kenefic, A.S. White, A.R. Cutko, and S. Fraver



Forest Inventory and Analysis
Vol. 103, No. 6 (September 2005)
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The Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the USDA Forest Service conducts comprehensive forest inventories of the United States to estimate the area of forestland; the volume, growth, and removal of forest resources; and the health and condition of the resources. This special issue includes five articles on the use of FIA data and concludes with a discussion of the Enhanced FIA program and areas where investigations are continuing.

Articles include:
  • Estimating and Circumventing the Effects of Perturbing and Swapping Inventory Plot Locations-R.E. McRoberts, G.R. Holden, M.D. Nelson, G.C. Liknes, W.K. Moser, A.J. Lister, S.L. King, E.B. LaPoint, J.W. Coulston, W.B. Smith, and G.A. Reams
  • Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Annual Inventory Answers the Question: What is Happening to Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands-J.D. Shaw, B.E. Steed, and L.T. DeBlander
  • Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR): An Emerging Tool for Multiple Resource Inventory-S.E. Reutebuch, H.-E. Andersen, and R.J. McGaughey
  • What Is the Fire Danger Now? Linking Fuel Inventories with Atmospheric Data-C.W. Woodall, J.J. Charney, G.C. Liknes, and B.E. Potter
  • Perspectives of Maine Forest Cover Change from Landsat Imagery and Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA)-S. Sader, M. Hoppus, J. Metzler, and S. Jin
  • The Enhanced Forest Inventory and Analysis Program of the USDA Forest Service: Historical Perspective and Announcement of Statistical Documentation-R.E. McRoberts, W.A. Bechtold, P.L. Patterson, C.T. Scott, and G.A. Reams



USDA Forest Service Centennial
Char Miller, editor
Vol. 103, No. 5 (July/August 2005)
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Historian Char Miller presents a collection of 11 articles detailing the cultural, intellectual, and political landscape in which the Forest Service was created, as well as its legacy as it enters its second century.

Articles include:
  • Past Forward-C. Miller
  • Nineteenth Century Lumber Surveys for Bangor, Maine: Implications for Pre-European Settlement Forest Characteristics in Northern and Eastern Maine-J.S. Wilson
  • Strategies for Forestry Success: Examples from the Early Years of the Pennsylvania Forestry Association-P.E. Linehan
  • Shade Trees and Tree Wardens: Revising the History of Urban Forestry-R.M. Ricard
  • The Forest Service Organic Act-H.K. Steen
  • A Transformative Place: Grey Towers and the Evolution of American Conservationism-V.A. Sample and C. Miller
  • Forest Service Nurseries: 100 Years of Ecosystem Restoration-R.K. Dumroese, T.D. Landis, J.P. Barnett, and F. Burch
  • Learning the Hard Way: The Beginnings of Forest Service Research in Arkansas-D.C. Bragg
  • History of Watershed Management in the US Forest Service: 1897-2005-S.P. Glasser
  • The Applicant Is No Gentleman: Women in the Forest Service-J.G. Lewis
  • When an Agency Outlasts its Time: A Reflection-S.K. Fairfax


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